Hypothyroidism – Role of diet
Hypothyroidism is a disorder of endocrine system which is caused due to insufficient production of thyroid hormone by thyroid gland. Women are 8 times more prone to develop hypothyroidism than men. Many a times it goes unnoticed initially. If not treated for long period of time it may give rise to number of health hazards such as joints ache, obesity, alopecia, hyperpigmentation, heart diseases, infertility etc.
There are certain signs and symptoms to identify Hypothyroidism. They develop gradually over the time. Following are few of them
- Feeling Lethargic
- Lack of concentration in doing regular activities
- Skin problems
- Irregular menstruation / heavy bleeding
- Joints swelling , stiffness and pain
- Water Retention
- Mood swings, anxiety
- Sudden weight gain
- Lack of sleep
- Inability to tolerate cold
- Hair loss
- Weak memory
Hypothyroidism can be treated by various methods in which medication is the common one. Apart from that diet plays an important role in controlling the levels. There are some food groups which can be included in the diet to maintain the levels.
FOODS TO BE AVOIDED:
- Gluten containing foods such as refined flour, pasta, bread.
- Soy foods such as tofu, soymilk.
- Certain cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, cauliflower, spinach.
- Some beverages like caffeine, green tea, high sugar levels in some beverages may disturb the normal functioning of thyroid Gland.
FOODS TO BE INCLUDED:
- Whole grain carbohydrates and gluten free foods.
- Flaxseeds can be added to the diet
- Poultry products such as eggs, chicken and meat.
- Apart from peaches, strawberries and pears other fruits such as oranges, bananas and tomatoes can be incorporated in the diet.
- Sea foods such as salmon and sardines can be taken
- Dairy products- milk, cheese and yoghurt
- All vegetables can be taken but cruciferous veggies can be taken in cooked form and in adequate amount
- Adequate amount of fluids is a must in the whole diet.
- High fibre foods play an important role.
- Apart from maintaining diet keeping yourself physically active by doing some form of exercise which helps to maintain the weight and thyroid levels.